National Military Park
After the intense
fight at Antietam, the Union army—now under the command of Major General
Ambrose E. Burnside—advanced to the Virginian town of Fredericksburg.
Burnside believed that if the Federals could take this town, the seat
of the Confederacy at Richmond would be within their reach. However,
Burnside's numerous delays gave the advantage to General Robert E.
Lee, who positioned his men on the high ground and sorely crushed
the Union forces on December 13, 1862.
Fredericksburg National Military Park was established on February 14,
This is a view of Fredericksburg and the Rappahannock River
from the grounds of Chatham Manor on Stafford Heights. Burnside's
men lay pontoon boats across this river to create a bridge
for their troops to reach the other bank.
This wall, along the base of Marye's Heights, was used by
Confederates as breastworks to thwart the attack of Union
troopers. In the background (to the right), the Richard
Rowland Kirkland monument depicts the Confederate sergeant
who was named the "Angel of Marye's Heights" after he aided
wounded Union soldiers during the first engagement.
photo by CNO, bottom photo by DLO.
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