was the site of two Civil War battles referred to as the Battle of First—and
Second—Manassas (Bull Run). The Battle of First Manassas, fought on
July 21, 1861, found Union Brigadier General Irvin McDowell's soldiers
attacking Confederate Brigadier General Pierre Toutant Beauregard's
troops in the area of the stone bridge, and later on Henry House Hill.
The Confederate soldiers under Brigadier General Thomas J. Jackson held
their ground, and the Confederacy attained a great victory.
The Battle of Second Manassas commenced on August 28, 1862, when General
Robert E. Lee's Confederate Army of Northern Virginia clashed with Major
General John Pope's Union Army of Virginia on the plains of Manassas,
resulting in a three-day fight.
On the first day, Union General John Gibbon's "Black Hats" (later to
be known as the Iron Brigade) experienced their baptism of fire at Groveton,
in what would end as a draw. Day two of the battle found Union General
Philip Kearny's division pressing into the lines of General Maxcy Gregg's
South Carolinians at the deep cut of the unfinished railroad, and then
retreating for a lack of reinforcements. On the final day, a thin line
of Federal troops, unable to withstand the blow by General James Longstreet's
men, collapsed in defeat. As a result of this battle—one of the greatest
victories for the Confederacy—General Lee would cross the Potomac and
advance his army north for the first time, thus opening the Maryland
Manassas National Battlefield Park was established on May 10, 1940.
Widow Judith Henry was mortally wounded by shell in this farmhouse
during the combat on Henry House Hill in the Battle of First
Manassas. The original house was blown apart and burned, but
later rebuilt using some of the original materials. The Bull
Run Monument to the right of the house was erected by Union
soldiers in 1865.
C. Brawner Farm
On day one of the Battle of Second Manassas, Union General
John Gibbon's "Black Hats" spearheaded an attack
here on Confederate General Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson's
troops, in what ended as a tactical draw.
On day two of the Battle of Second Manassas, Union General
Philip Kearny's men fought hard but failed to push back
the line formed by General Maxcy Gregg's South Carolinians
at the deep cut of the unfinished railroad.
by DLO, except Henry House by CNO.
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