Francis Ferdinand, heir to the throne of Austria-Hungary,
shot dead in Sarajevo by a Serbian student.
declares war on Serbia. Russia begins to mobilize against
Austria to support its Serbian allies. Austria calls on
Germany for support.
forces invade Belgium.
declares war against Germany and its allies, in support
bombing attack: German Taube monoplane drops grenades
of Mons between British Expeditionary Force and German
Army. British withdraw.
of Le Cateau between German and British. British losses
of Heligoland Bight. Germans lose three light cruisers,
Mainz, Köln, and Ariadne,
and a destroyer with more than 1000 men. British lose
35 men killed and no ships.
and Indian Army attacks Tanga, German East Africa, but
are driven off with heavy losses in troops.
of the Marne. Germans beaten back by French.
Battle of the Aisne. French and British forces make further
assaults after the Marne.
cruisers HMSS Aboukir, Cressy, and Hogue
sunk by German U-boat.
enters the war on Germany's side. Flight Sub-Lieutenant
Marix bombs and destroys Zeppelin ZIX at Düsseldorf.
Battle of Ypres. Repeated attacks by Germans on British
of Coronel. German raiding force overwhelms British cruisers
Good Hope and Monmouth. All Monmouth's
company are lost.
raider Emden sunk by Australian cruiser HMAS
of the Falkland Isles. German flagship Scharnhorst
lost to British battle-cruisers.