Zeppelin raid against Britain, striking Yarmouth and King's
of Dogger Bank. British battle-cruisers sink German armored
Navy and French ships begin bombardment of outer forts
of the Dardanelles.
Battle of Ypres. Germans launch new offensive using poison
gas for the first time, breaching the British line. Repeated
German assaults are driven off.
Anzac, and French operations combine together at Gallipoli.
liner Lusitania torpedoed and sunk off the Irish
joins the war, siding with the Allies.
of Loos. British use poison gas for the first time. Germans
retain the line. Casualties: 50,000 British, 140,000 Germans,
force captures Kut-al-Amara, Mesopotamia.
under Townshend attack Cresiphon, but are forced to retire
beaches evacuated. British and Commonwealth losses: 41,000
killed and missing, 78,500 wounded; French: 9,000 killed,
13,000 wounded; Turks: 66,000 killed and missing.
troops surrender; 8,000 prisoners taken by Turks.